Egypt has the longest continuous history within a single, united state. The most important Egyptian civilization lived in this area about 5,000 years ago, leaving behind ancient monuments, which people from all over the world come here to admire. In the North of the country near Cairo, there is a magnificent pyramid of unprecedented proportions, a mysterious sphinx with a human face, and other breath-taking temples. The former capital of Luxor offers a tour of the majestic palaces of Karnak and Luxor, which have been built for thousands of years. On the west bank of the River Nile is the mystical Valley of the Kings, where the mummies of the famous Pharaohs were ready to enter the afterlife. In addition to exploring ancient culture, Egypt offers other diverse activities. A boat trip on the Nile or a balloon flight, or a submarine ride on the Red Sea are just a few of what the local agencies offer. On top of it, the Red Sea has one of the most beautiful seashores full of coral reefs and colourful fish. Lovers of diving and snorkelling will certainly come into their own.